Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency (CCSVI) in Meniere Disease. Case or Cause?

CCSVI is the acronym for Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency, initially
described by P.Zamboni, as being strongly associated with multiple sclerosis (MS).
It is a syndrome characterized by stenosis of the internal jugular veins (IJVs) and/or
azygous vein (AZ) with opening of collaterals and insufficient drainage. Leggi tutto